Minorca, in the Balearic Islands, is a peaceful, unique natural oasis, packed with contrasts to discover. It is a real paradise, washed by the Mediterranean Sea, that will seduce you with its harmony and diversity.
Minorca has an area of 702 km2, rounded by a coastline of 216 km, a distance from north to south of 47 km and from east to west of 17 km, being its highest point of 400 m.
Minorca has a population of 87,000 inhabitants, concentrated in the eight municipalities in which it is divided. These are: Mahon or Maó, the administrative capital of the island, Ciutadella, the former capital, Alaior, Ferreries, Es Mercadal, Es Castell, Sant Lluís and Es Migjorn Gran.
Mahon 27.669 Inhabitants
Ciutadella 26.972 Inhabitants
The island's climate is typically Mediterranean and is well known for its mild temperatures. The average annual temperature is between 16º and 17º centigrade. In summer , the average is 24ºC and in winter, 11ºC. The climate can be classified as "mild" and the cool north wind, known as the tramuntana, characterizes the Minorcan landscape. The average annual rainfall varies from one place to another on the island and is between 450 mm. in the south eastern region and 650 mm. in the interior and the north eastern end. The rainfall distribution throughout the months of the year is also very irregular. Thus, as in a normal rainfall pattern, the maximum seasonal rainfall is in autumn and very little falls in the summer period.
It’s born of the isolation and the need. He emphasizes the costume jewelry, today one of the principal island industries, recognized internationally in the group Sebime and the fair Eurobijoux, that every year assembles in Minorca the principal European companies of the sector.
The tourism, without the minor doubt, is the most important sector in the economy native of Minorca, whose GDP overcomes the half of the general income of the territory. Several efforts are realized to promote the tourism the whole year, being from May until October, the strongest months.
Minorca belongs to the Autonomous region of the Balearic Islands, which Statute of Autonomy an autonomic government recognizes. Also, there exists an insular government (Insular Advice) for each of the islands. The Parliament of the Balearic Islands has the legislature.
98 % of the inhabitants belong to the roman catholic church. Althouth there are some centers for other differents religions.
In Minorca are spoken spanish and catalan, in its native dialect "menorquin".